She argues that the procedure should be called mutilation, because that is exactly what it is. The guidelines were developed based on a systematic review of the best available evidence on health interventions for women living with FGM.
In some communities, FGM is almost universally performed and unquestioned. Prolonged labor, delayed 2nd stage and obstructed labor leading to fistulae formation, and increased perinatal morbidity and mortality have been associated with FGM.
A multidisciplinary approach is needed to tackle this deeprooted legendary practice of FGM. Support families and communities in their efforts to abandon the practice and to improve care for those who have undergone FGM.
As ofthe practice of female genital mutilation was not illegal. This article, like the one above, was excellent in getting a background on female genital mutilation. This lack of information deprives the scientific planners, political decision makers, and community leaders of significant data that would facilitate advances in FGM prevention.
From September - March3, women more than 18 years of age and 60 girls less than 18 years of age were identified as having had FGM. It produces emotional and physical wounds that may never heal. Rather, the author argues, we should encourage education of these women so that they can put a stop to it.
Local structures of power and authority, such as community leaders, religious leaders, circumcisers, and even some medical personnel can contribute to upholding the practice. Moreover, this literature has primarily concentrated on the prevalence of FGM, the medical consequences and its management, and only very rarely on the social and economic implications of this practice.
Many of these articles are aimed at medical professionals and provide recommendations on how to manage victims of the practice. The battle against this phenomenon has been enhanced by two complementary movements: The article describes two different immigration hearings where women were seeking to not be deported in order to protect their daughters from female circumcision.
Procedures are mostly carried out on young girls sometime between infancy and adolescence, and occasionally on adult women. This article focuses on the women's movement throughout the world. It provides the historical roots to many of the beliefs about the necessity of the practice.
Type Ia, removal of the clitoral hood or prepuce only; Type Ib, removal of the clitoris with the prepuce. FGM is usually performed by traditional birth attendants or circumcisers. This article examines the prevalence of FGM and its variation over time in the different regions of the world, and presents current knowledge of the determinants of the practice and its effects on health and sexuality.
InWHO together with 9 other United Nations partners, issued a statement on the elimination of FGM to support increased advocacy for its abandonment, called: On the research and training aspects, journals, such as the BJOG: If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click 'Authenticate'.
Commonly, the West referred to the practice as female circumcision, which the author suggest is misleading. FGM is associated with cultural ideals of femininity and modesty, which include the notion that girls are clean and beautiful after removal of body parts that are considered unclean, unfeminine or male.
They wanted one that was more likely to convey the pain and horror of the procedure.Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A statistical overview and exploration of the dynamics of change July This report is a comprehensive statistical overview of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in the 29 countries where the practice is concentrated.
"Female genital mutilation comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for. Communities that practice female genital mutilation report a variety of sociocultural reasons for continuing with it. Seen from a human rights perspective, the practice reflects deep-rooted inequality between the sexes, and constitutes an extreme form of discrimination against women.
Armelle Andro* and Marie L esClingand** Female Genital Mutilation. Overview and Current Knowledge Althoughhe t United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution to banemale f genital mutilation (FGM) in Decemberefforts to stop this. May 06, · Jaha Dukureh, a survivor of female genital mutilation in her native Gambia, campaigns to end the practice in the U.S.
Here she speaks at a news conference in the Capitol in Washington, D.C.
Female genital mutilation, sometimes also called female sexual mutilation, comprises “all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons” (WHO, ).Download